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Māhele Pāhana ʻo EV

Mākeke EV Platform (Component: Chassis, Battery, Suspension System, Steering System, Drivetrain, Interior Vehicle, a me kekahi poʻe ʻē aʻe; ʻAno Uila Uila: Hybrid Electric Vehicle a me Battery Battery Vehicle; Sales Channel: OEM a me Aftermarket; Vehicle Type: Hatchback, Sedan, Nā Kaʻa Uila, a me nā mea ʻē aʻe; a me nā anuu: P0, P1, P2, P3, a me P4) - Nānā ʻĀpana Honua, Nui, Kaʻana, Hoʻonui, Nā Hana, a me Wanana, 2020 - 2030

Hoʻopaʻa i nā Kānāwai Kānāwai a me nā Koi e Koi ʻia no nā Kaʻa Uila e hoʻonui i ka ulu ʻana o ka mākeke
Ma muli o ka holomua o ka ʻenehana i mua a me ka hoʻomohala ʻana i ka ʻāina hoʻonohonoho, ua ʻike ka ʻāpana kaʻa ʻoi loa o ka honua i nā loli i loko o nā makahiki i hala aku nei. I kēia manawa, ke neʻe nei ka ʻāpana kaʻa o kēia manawa a puni ka honua i kahi holomua a me kahi ʻōmaʻomaʻo ʻōmaʻomaʻo, kahi e koi ʻia ai ʻo OEM a me nā mea ʻē aʻe e hoʻopukapuka i nā ʻenehana hou a me nā hana hou e kū ana i ka ʻāina hoʻokele. I loko o nā makahiki he 10 i hala aku nei, loaʻa i nā kaʻa uila ka mea i makemake nui ʻia a puni ka honua. ʻOiai ka ulu ʻana o ka ʻike e pili ana i nā kaʻa uila e ulu a puni ka honua, me ia, ke neʻe nei nā kūʻai honua ʻana o nā kaʻa uila i ke ala i luna - kahi mea i manaʻo ʻia e hoʻonui i ka ulu ʻana o ka mākeke EV honua.
ʻO ke koi no nā kaʻa uila kekahi mea nui i manaʻo ʻia e hoʻokele i ka mākeke pae honua EV ma ka wā loiloi. Ke hoʻomau nei nā ʻoihana e hana nei i ka mākeke ʻoihana EV i kēia manawa i ka hāʻawi ʻana i nā pae EV maikaʻi a kūpono hoʻi i kā lākou mea kūʻai aku, a me ka hoʻopili ʻana i ke āpau kumukūʻai ma waena o nā ʻenekini kaʻa uila a me nā ʻenekini kuni kūloko (ICE). Manaʻo ʻia kekahi mau mea pāʻani poʻokela kiʻekiʻe i ka mākeke e hoʻokumu i nā papahana EV hou i loko o nā makahiki he 10 e hiki mai ana.
Ma ke kua o kēia mau kumuhana, ke manaʻo ʻia nei ka mākeke kahua honua EV e ʻoi aku i ka US $ 97.3 Bn ma ka hopena o 2030.

Mālama nā mea pāʻani mākeke i ka Bridging Cost Gap ma waena o ka ICE a me nā ʻEle uila
ʻOiai ʻo ka noi no nā kaʻa uila i ʻike maka i ka ulu mau o nā makahiki i hala iho nei, loaʻa i kahi lima o OEM he waiwai nui ma o ke kūʻai aku ʻana i nā kaʻa uila. ʻO ke ākea kumukūʻai ma waena o nā ʻenekini uila a me nā ICE kahi mea nui i manaʻo ʻia e hoʻokele i nā mea hou a hoʻomākaukau i ke ala no nā hiʻohiʻona EV-kumu kūʻai kumu kūʻai maikaʻi i ka wā e hiki mai ana. ʻO ke kumukūʻai kiʻekiʻe o nā pila uila kekahi o nā kumu nui ke kumu kūʻai ʻia o nā kaʻa uila ma mua o ka hybrid a i ʻole nā ​​kaʻa e holo ma ka hoʻolālā ICE-kaʻa. A ʻo kahi hopena, ʻimi nā mea pāʻani e hana nei i ka ʻāina ʻo EV kahua i nā ala hou e uku ai i kēia mau koina ma o ka nānā ʻana i ka hoʻolālā ʻana i ka EV ma kahi pae maʻalahi a me ka papahana modular. ʻOiai ke hoʻonui nui nei ʻo OEM i ka hoʻomohala ʻana i nā papahana EV i kūkulu ʻia no ka hana ʻana i nā kaʻa uila, ʻo nā mea ʻē aʻe e hilinaʻi nei i ka hoʻolālā ICE-kaʻa no ka hana ʻana o nā kaʻa uila. I kā lākou noi e hana pono i nā kaʻa uila, e ʻimi nui nei nā mea pāʻani mākeke i nā manaʻo like ʻole, e like me nā laina hui maʻalahi.

Kālele nā ​​mea pāʻani mākeke i ka hoʻouka ʻana i nā anuu EV hou e loaʻa ai ka palena hoʻokūkū
Ke ʻike nei i ka makemake nui o nā kaʻa uila a ke kakali nei i ke komo kiʻekiʻe ʻana o nā kaʻa uila i ka wā e hiki mai ana, ua makemake nui kekahi mau ʻoihana i kēia manawa e hoʻokumu i nā papahana EV hou e loaʻa ai ka lihi hoʻokūkū ma ka mākeke o kēia wā. Eia hou, ʻoiai e hoʻonui nui ana nā ʻoihana ʻelima i ka hana ʻana i nā paepae EV hou, ua komo kekahi mau hoʻomaka i ka mākeke kahua honua EV, a ke hana nei i nā kuʻikahi kuikawa me nā mea pāʻani mākeke e hoʻokumu i ko lākou alo i ka mākeke kahua EV hoʻokūkū kiʻekiʻe. ʻO kahi laʻana, REE Automotive, kahi hoʻomaka o ka ʻIseraʻela i komo i kahi hui me ka KYB Corporation ʻo Iapana e hoʻōla i kahi kāohi oki no nā pae kaʻa uila i ka wā e hiki mai ana. Manaʻo ʻia ʻo KYB Corporation e hāʻawi i kāna laina o nā ʻōnaehana hoʻomaha semi-ʻeleu a hana hoʻi no REE's EV paepae.
Eia hou, ke hoʻomau nei ka nui o nā OEM e alakaʻi nei i ke kūkulu ʻana i nā papahana EV i hoʻolaʻa ʻia e hoʻokumu i kahi kūpaʻa i ka mākeke. ʻO kahi laʻana, i Pepeluali 2019, ua hoʻolaha ʻo Hyundai e hana paha ka ʻoihana i kahi kahua kaʻa uila hoʻolaʻa e hoʻohana mua ʻia e nā kaʻa uila hou i hana ʻia e ka ʻoihana.

Koi ʻia no EV Platforms e hōʻole ma 2020 ma waena o COVID-19 Pandemik
Ua ʻike ka ʻāpana kaʻa kaʻa honua i kahi hopena nui ma 2020 ma muli o ka puka ʻana o ka maʻi maʻi COVID-19 pandemi. ʻO ka hoʻomaka ʻana o ka maʻi maʻi COVID-19 ua hoʻoneʻe i ka ulu ʻana o ka mākeke pae EV i ka ala lohi i ka makahiki 2020, ʻoiai ua paʻa ka ʻāpana kaʻa ma Kina ma kahi o ka hapaha mua o 2020. Ma muli o kēia, ka lako o nā mea maka a ua loaʻa i nā ʻāpana kaʻa kahi mea nui a puni ka honua. Eia nō naʻe, i ka wehe mālie ʻana o Kina i kāna mau ʻoihana, ua kāohi nā keʻena ʻoihana kaʻa ʻē aʻe i ke kālepa kū palena a me ke kaʻa ʻana i mea e kaohi ai i ka maʻi.
Manaʻo ʻia ka mākeke papa EV e loaʻa mālie i ka hapahā hope o 2020, ʻoiai ke koi nui o ka honua no nā hōʻike EVs i kahi ulu mau ma hope o ka hoʻomaha ʻana o nā kapu lockdown a me ke kālepa.

Manaʻo o nā poʻe kālaihana
E hoʻonui ʻia ka mākeke EV honua ākea ma kahi CAGR kaulike o ~ 3.5% i ka wā wānana. Hoʻokele mua ʻia ka ulu mākeke e ka ulu nui ʻana o ka noi no nā kaʻa uila, hoʻonui i ke kākoʻo aupuni no nā kaʻa uila, hoʻomohala ʻana i ka ʻenehana kaʻa uila uila, a me ka hoʻopili ʻana i nā kānāwai palekana a me nā kānāwai. Pono nā mea pāʻani mākeke e kau pono i ka hoʻokumu ʻana i nā anuu uila a me ke kumu kūʻai kūpono e loaʻa ai ka lihi hoʻokūkū a hoʻokumu i kahi paʻa paʻa i ka mākeke.

Māhele Kālā EV: Nānā Overview
Kuhi ʻia ka mākeke EV honua ākea e hoʻonui i kahi CAGR o 3.5% i ka wā wānana. ʻO kēia kumu ma muli o ka hoʻonui pinepine ʻana o nā kūlana emission no nā kaʻa i hui pū ʻia me ka paipai ʻana i ka hybridization a me ka uila ʻana o nā kaʻa i mea e hōʻemi ai i ka hopena o nā kinoea hoʻopau kino i ke kaiapuni. ʻO nā lula a ke aupuni e kūʻē nei i nā kaʻa diesel a me nā ʻāpala kahi kumu nui no ka hoʻololi ʻana o ka makemake o nā mea kūʻai aku i nā kaʻa uila a hoʻonui i ka noi no ka pae EV i ka wā wānana.
Ke hoʻonui nei ka mākeke no ka EV ma kahi wikiwiki a me nā hoʻopukapuka ma ka wā mua he kiʻekiʻe loa ia no nā pahi, ʻoiai ke hoʻomoʻi nui nei nā aupuni i ka hapa nui o nā wahi i nā kūlanakauhale nui i mea e hoʻoponopono ai i ka hoʻokuʻu ʻana o ke kalapona i mea e hoʻonui ai i ka mākeke no ka papahana EV. ʻO ka paepae EV no nā pahi uila i hōʻike i ka noi kiʻekiʻe ma ka hapa nui o nā ʻoihana, ʻoiai ka uila ʻana o ka paepae lehulehu e hopena ka hopena i ka hoʻomaikaʻi ʻana i ka maikaʻi o ka ea.

O Keaukaha o EV Platform Market
Ma mua, makemake nā māka nui e hoʻomohala i hoʻokahi anuu no ʻehā mau hiʻohiʻona ʻelima e kaohi ai i ka hoʻopukapuka kālā. Eia nō naʻe, ʻoi aku ka nui o ka noi mai nā mea kūʻai kaʻa no nā hiʻohiʻona kikoʻī, kaila, a me ka hana ʻana, e like me ke ʻano o ke kū hoʻokahi i ke kaʻa i hoʻonāukiuki iā OEM e hoʻomohala i nā pae ʻokoʻa no nā hiʻohiʻona ʻokoʻa, kahi e hoʻonui ai i ka mākeke no ka pae EV i ka wā wānana.
Pau nā wahie fossil a liʻuliʻu, pau paha nā mālama wahie fossil. Wahi a ka helu ʻai o kēia manawa, he 46.7 mau makahiki o ke kumuwaiwai wahie i koe a puni ka hona, a 49.6 mau makahiki o nā kumuwaiwai kūlohelohe i koe a puni ka honua. Loaʻa nā koho ʻē aʻe i nā wahie fossil i ka mākeke, e like me ka kaʻa uila, CNG, LPG, kaʻa uila, a me LNG. Eia nō naʻe, ke lawe nui ʻia nei nā kaʻa uila, i hoʻohana mau ʻia no ka halihali ʻana i nā kūlanakauhale a me nā kaona nui. ʻO kēia, e hana paha ma ke ʻano he hopena no ka loaʻa palena o nā kumuwaiwai kūlohelohe. Hoʻolālā ʻia kēia e hoʻonui i ka mākeke no ka paepae EV.
Ua hoʻolauna kekahi mau mea hana, e like me Tesla Inc. a me Nissan, i nā hana EV e holo ana ma ka anuʻu EV hou i ʻoi aku ka mālie ma nā alanui a hāʻawi i ka holo mālie a me ka pilikia ʻole. ʻO ke kumukūʻai mālama haʻahaʻa o EV, ma muli o ka hoʻolālā hou i ka pae EV kahi waiwai i hoʻohui ʻia, kahi mea e pōmaikaʻi ai nā mea kūʻai aku i ka wā lōʻihi. ʻO kēia, ma ke ʻano, e kipaku paha i ka mākeke kahua EV.

Nā pilikia no ka makeke EV Platform
ʻO ke kumukūʻai o nā kaʻa uila ke hoʻohālikelike ʻia me ka ICE maʻamau (ʻenekini kuni kūloko) kiʻekiʻe kiʻekiʻe a manaʻo ʻia ma ke ʻano he mea hoʻomalu mua no ka kaʻa uila a me ka mākeke kahua EV.
Pono nā kaʻa uila e koi i nā kikowaena, a ʻo kahi pūnaewele o ia mau kikowaena i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e koi ʻia no nā poʻe e hele lōʻihi. Eia kekahi, ʻo ka hoʻouka hou ʻana o nā paila he 1 mau hola paha, kahi i kūlike ʻole me ka pono o ka refuel gas, kahi e kaohi hou ai i ka mākeke pae EV.

Māhele EV Māhele Māhele
Ma muli o ka ʻāpana, kuhi ʻia ka ʻāpana o ka pila ma ka helu no kahi mahele nui o ka mākeke pae EV i ka wā wānana. Nānā nā OEM i ka hana ʻana o ka pila ʻoi loa EV e manaʻo ʻia e loaʻa ka haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa ma nā kumukūʻai haʻahaʻa, e alakaʻi ana i ka hoʻonui hou ʻana i ka R&D no ka ʻāpana o ka pila a ʻo ka hopena no ka pae EV.
Ma muli o ke ʻano o ka kaʻa uila, ke hoʻonui nei ka ʻāpana uila uila i ka wikiwiki no ka mākeke pae EV. Ke nānā nei ka hapa nui o nā OEM i ka hoʻomohala ʻana o nā kaʻa uila uila ma nā paepae EV i hoʻomohala hou ʻia ma mua o nā kaʻa uila hybrid, ʻoiai ʻoi aku ka noi no nā BEV ma mua o nā HEV. Eia kekahi, koi nui ʻia ka hoʻopukapuka waiwai nui a me ka mākaukau e hoʻomohala iā HEV ke hoʻohālikelike ʻia me kahi BEV, ʻoiai ʻaʻole hoʻokomo ʻo BEV i kahi ICE ma ka paepae EV a no laila, ʻoi aku ka maʻalahi o ke kūkulu ʻana.
Ma muli o ke ʻano o ke kaʻa, ua ʻāpana nā ʻāpana o nā kaʻa pono no kahi mahele nui o ka mākeke pae honua EV. Makemake nā mea kūʻai aku ma Kina i nā sedan compact; Eia naʻe, ʻo ka hōʻea ʻana mai o nā SUV hou hou aʻe a ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi i hoʻohuli i ka noi i nā kaʻa pono. Aia ka emi o ke kūʻai aku ʻana i nā sedan. ʻAʻole waiwai lākou e like me nā hatchbacks a ʻoi aku ka ākea e like me nā SUV a me nā mea kūʻai aku ma ʻAsia a me ka US makemake i nā kaʻa ākea a maikaʻi hoʻi. ʻO ka hōʻemi i ka noi no nā hatchbacks ma waena o ʻEulopa a me Latin America ma muli o ka hoʻonui ʻana o ka nui o nā kaʻa liʻiliʻi. ʻO ka nui o ka hatchback, ka liʻiliʻi o ka hana a lilo i maneuverable lākou.

Māhele Platform EV: Nānā ʻĀpana
Ma muli o ka māhele ʻāina, ua hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ka mākeke kahua honua EV i ʻAmelika ʻĀkau, ʻEulopa, ʻAsia Hikina, APAC Hema, ʻAmelika Latina, a me Middle East a me ʻApelika.
ʻO ka piʻi mau ʻana o ke komo ʻana o EV i kahi wikiwiki nui ma nā ʻāina he nui ma East Asia a me ʻEulopa kahi mea koʻikoʻi e hoʻokele nei i ka mākeke kahua honua EV, ʻoiai ke hoʻonui nei ka hoʻopukapuka ma R&D i kēia mau ʻāina. Ke hōʻike nei ʻo ʻEulopa i ka piʻi ikaika o ka komo ʻana o EV. Ma hope iho, manaʻo ʻia e piʻi aʻe ka noi no nā EV i ka wā wanana, kahi e hoʻonui ai i ka mākeke no ka pae EV.
Kuhi ʻia ka mākeke kahua ʻo East Asia EV e hoʻonui ākea, a ukali ʻia e ʻEulopa a me ʻAmelika ʻĀkau. ʻO ka ʻoihana kaʻa i nā ʻāina, e like me Kina, Iāpana, a me Kōlea Hema e pili ana i ka ʻenehana, ka hana hou ʻana, a me ka hoʻomohala ʻana o EV kiʻekiʻe. Hoʻolālā ʻia ka hoʻomohala ʻana i nā keena ʻoi aku ka wikiwiki a me ka wikiwiki e hoʻolaha i ka mākeke pae EV a me EV. ʻO BYD, BAIC, Chery, a me SAIC nā mea pāʻani kī nui e hana nei ma ka mākeke East Asia EV, nā helu no ka mahele nui o ka mākeke pae EV.

Māhele Platform EV: Landscape hoʻokūkū
ʻO nā mea pāʻani kī nui e hana nei ma ka mākeke honua honua EV
ʻOihana Kamupene Alcraft
Mīkini Baic
BMW
ʻO BYD
Byton
Waʻa
ʻO Chery
Daimler
ʻO Faraday Future
ʻO Fisker
Ford
ʻO Geely
Nā Motors Nui
Honda
ʻO Hyundai
JAC
Kia Motors
Hawaii Nissan
Wehe i nā Motors
ʻO REE Auto
Rivian
Mīkini Saic
Toyota
ʻO Volkswagen
Volvo
Nā Motors XAOS
Zotye
Koho kekahi mau OEM e hana i kahi BEV a i ʻole PHEV ma kahi papahana ICE i hoʻopili ʻia e kāohi ai i ka hoʻopukapuka kālā a kuleana lākou no ka hana maʻalahi. Hoʻohālikelike ʻia ka hoʻolālā no nā kaʻa ICE i nā hōʻaʻano i ka hōʻaiʻē uila. ʻO kahi laʻana, manaʻo ʻo VW Group e kūkulu i nā EV o nā nui āpau e hoʻohana ana i kekahi o nā ʻāpana like i hiki ai iā ia ke hana i kāna e-models maikaʻi. Manaʻo ka ʻoihana e kūkulu i nā kaʻa MEB i ʻewalu mau wahi, puni ka honua, e 2022. Eia kekahi, wānana ia e kūʻai aku i 15 miliona mau kaʻa ma ka paepae EV i loko o nā makahiki he 10 e hiki mai ana.


Ka manawa o ka manawa: Mar-12-2021