Nūhou ʻoihana

Mākeke EV Platform (Component: Chassis, Battery, Suspension System, Steering System, Drivetrain, Interior Vehicle, a me kekahi poʻe ʻē aʻe; ʻAno Uila Uila: Hybrid Electric Vehicle a me Battery Battery Vehicle; Sales Channel: OEM a me Aftermarket; Vehicle Type: Hatchback, Sedan, Nā Kaʻa Uila, a me nā mea ʻē aʻe; a me nā anuu: P0, P1, P2, P3, a me P4) - Nānā ʻĀpana Honua, Nui, Kaʻana, Hoʻonui, Nā Hana, a me Wanana, 2020 - 2030

Hoʻopaʻa i nā Kānāwai Kānāwai a me nā Koi e Koi ʻia no nā Kaʻa Uila e hoʻonui i ka ulu ʻana o ka mākeke
Ma muli o ka holomua o ka ʻenehana i mua a me ka hoʻomohala ʻana i ka ʻāina hoʻonohonoho, ua ʻike ka ʻāpana kaʻa ʻoi loa o ka honua i nā loli i loko o nā makahiki i hala aku nei. I kēia manawa, ke neʻe nei ka ʻāpana kaʻa o kēia manawa a puni ka honua i kahi holomua a me kahi ʻōmaʻomaʻo ʻōmaʻomaʻo, kahi e koi ʻia ai ʻo OEM a me nā mea ʻē aʻe e hoʻopukapuka i nā ʻenehana hou a me nā hana hou e kū ana i ka ʻāina hoʻokele. I loko o nā makahiki he 10 i hala aku nei, loaʻa i nā kaʻa uila ka mea i makemake nui ʻia a puni ka honua. ʻOiai ka ulu ʻana o ka ʻike e pili ana i nā kaʻa uila e ulu a puni ka honua, me ia, ke neʻe nei nā kūʻai honua ʻana o nā kaʻa uila i ke ala i luna - kahi mea i manaʻo ʻia e hoʻonui i ka ulu ʻana o ka mākeke EV honua.
ʻO ke koi no nā kaʻa uila kekahi mea nui i manaʻo ʻia e hoʻokele i ka mākeke pae honua EV ma ka wā loiloi. Ke hoʻomau nei nā ʻoihana e hana nei i ka mākeke ʻoihana EV i kēia manawa i ka hāʻawi ʻana i nā pae EV maikaʻi a kūpono hoʻi i kā lākou mea kūʻai aku, a me ka hoʻopili ʻana i ke āpau kumukūʻai ma waena o nā ʻenekini kaʻa uila a me nā ʻenekini kuni kūloko (ICE). Manaʻo ʻia kekahi mau mea pāʻani poʻokela kiʻekiʻe i ka mākeke e hoʻokumu i nā papahana EV hou i loko o nā makahiki he 10 e hiki mai ana.
Ma ke kua o kēia mau kumuhana, ke manaʻo ʻia nei ka mākeke kahua honua EV e ʻoi aku i ka US $ 97.3 Bn ma ka hopena o 2030.

Mālama nā mea pāʻani mākeke i ka Bridging Cost Gap ma waena o ka ICE a me nā ʻEle uila
ʻOiai ʻo ka noi no nā kaʻa uila i ʻike maka i ka ulu mau o nā makahiki i hala iho nei, loaʻa i kahi lima o OEM he waiwai nui ma o ke kūʻai aku ʻana i nā kaʻa uila. ʻO ke ākea kumukūʻai ma waena o nā ʻenekini uila a me nā ICE kahi mea nui i manaʻo ʻia e hoʻokele i nā mea hou a hoʻomākaukau i ke ala no nā hiʻohiʻona EV-kumu kūʻai kumu kūʻai maikaʻi i ka wā e hiki mai ana. ʻO ke kumukūʻai kiʻekiʻe o nā pila uila kekahi o nā kumu nui ke kumu kūʻai ʻia o nā kaʻa uila ma mua o ka hybrid a i ʻole nā ​​kaʻa e holo ma ka hoʻolālā ICE-kaʻa. A ʻo kahi hopena, ʻimi nā mea pāʻani e hana nei i ka ʻāina ʻo EV kahua i nā ala hou e uku ai i kēia mau koina ma o ka nānā ʻana i ka hoʻolālā ʻana i ka EV ma kahi pae maʻalahi a me ka papahana modular. ʻOiai ke hoʻonui nui nei ʻo OEM i ka hoʻomohala ʻana i nā papahana EV i kūkulu ʻia no ka hana ʻana i nā kaʻa uila, ʻo nā mea ʻē aʻe e hilinaʻi nei i ka hoʻolālā ICE-kaʻa no ka hana ʻana o nā kaʻa uila. I kā lākou noi e hana pono i nā kaʻa uila, e ʻimi nui nei nā mea pāʻani mākeke i nā manaʻo like ʻole, e like me nā laina hui maʻalahi.

Kālele nā ​​mea pāʻani mākeke i ka hoʻouka ʻana i nā anuu EV hou e loaʻa ai ka palena hoʻokūkū
Ke ʻike nei i ka makemake nui o nā kaʻa uila a ke kakali nei i ke komo kiʻekiʻe ʻana o nā kaʻa uila i ka wā e hiki mai ana, ua makemake nui kekahi mau ʻoihana i kēia manawa e hoʻokumu i nā papahana EV hou e loaʻa ai ka lihi hoʻokūkū ma ka mākeke o kēia wā. Eia hou, ʻoiai e hoʻonui nui ana nā ʻoihana ʻelima i ka hana ʻana i nā paepae EV hou, ua komo kekahi mau hoʻomaka i ka mākeke kahua honua EV, a ke hana nei i nā kuʻikahi kuikawa me nā mea pāʻani mākeke e hoʻokumu i ko lākou alo i ka mākeke kahua EV hoʻokūkū kiʻekiʻe. ʻO kahi laʻana, REE Automotive, kahi hoʻomaka o ka ʻIseraʻela i komo i kahi hui me ka KYB Corporation ʻo Iapana e hoʻōla i kahi kāohi oki no nā pae kaʻa uila i ka wā e hiki mai ana. Manaʻo ʻia ʻo KYB Corporation e hāʻawi i kāna laina o nā ʻōnaehana hoʻomaha semi-ʻeleu a hana hoʻi no REE's EV paepae.
Eia hou, ke hoʻomau nei ka nui o nā OEM e alakaʻi nei i ke kūkulu ʻana i nā papahana EV i hoʻolaʻa ʻia e hoʻokumu i kahi kūpaʻa i ka mākeke. ʻO kahi laʻana, i Pepeluali 2019, ua hoʻolaha ʻo Hyundai e hana paha ka ʻoihana i kahi kahua kaʻa uila hoʻolaʻa e hoʻohana mua ʻia e nā kaʻa uila hou i hana ʻia e ka ʻoihana.

Koi ʻia no EV Platforms e hōʻole ma 2020 ma waena o COVID-19 Pandemik
Ua ʻike ka ʻāpana kaʻa kaʻa honua i kahi hopena nui ma 2020 ma muli o ka puka ʻana o ka maʻi maʻi COVID-19 pandemi. ʻO ka hoʻomaka ʻana o ka maʻi maʻi COVID-19 ua hoʻoneʻe i ka ulu ʻana o ka mākeke pae EV i ka ala lohi i ka makahiki 2020, ʻoiai ua paʻa ka ʻāpana kaʻa ma Kina ma kahi o ka hapaha mua o 2020. Ma muli o kēia, ka lako o nā mea maka a ua loaʻa i nā ʻāpana kaʻa kahi mea nui a puni ka honua. Eia nō naʻe, i ka wehe mālie ʻana o Kina i kāna mau ʻoihana, ua kāohi nā keʻena ʻoihana kaʻa ʻē aʻe i ke kālepa kū palena a me ke kaʻa ʻana i mea e kaohi ai i ka maʻi.
Manaʻo ʻia ka mākeke papa EV e loaʻa mālie i ka hapahā hope o 2020, ʻoiai ke koi nui o ka honua no nā hōʻike EVs i kahi ulu mau ma hope o ka hoʻomaha ʻana o nā kapu lockdown a me ke kālepa.

Manaʻo o nā poʻe kālaihana
E hoʻonui ʻia ka mākeke EV honua ākea ma kahi CAGR kaulike o ~ 3.5% i ka wā wānana. Hoʻokele mua ʻia ka ulu mākeke e ka ulu nui ʻana o ka noi no nā kaʻa uila, hoʻonui i ke kākoʻo aupuni no nā kaʻa uila, hoʻomohala ʻana i ka ʻenehana kaʻa uila uila, a me ka hoʻopili ʻana i nā kānāwai palekana a me nā kānāwai. Pono nā mea pāʻani mākeke e kau pono i ka hoʻokumu ʻana i nā anuu uila a me ke kumu kūʻai kūpono e loaʻa ai ka lihi hoʻokūkū a hoʻokumu i kahi paʻa paʻa i ka mākeke.

Māhele Kālā EV: Nānā Overview
Kuhi ʻia ka mākeke EV honua ākea e hoʻonui i kahi CAGR o 3.5% i ka wā wānana. ʻO kēia kumu ma muli o ka hoʻonui pinepine ʻana o nā kūlana emission no nā kaʻa i hui pū ʻia me ka paipai ʻana i ka hybridization a me ka uila ʻana o nā kaʻa i mea e hōʻemi ai i ka hopena o nā kinoea hoʻopau kino i ke kaiapuni. ʻO nā lula a ke aupuni e kūʻē nei i nā kaʻa diesel a me nā ʻāpala kahi kumu nui no ka hoʻololi ʻana o ka makemake o nā mea kūʻai aku i nā kaʻa uila a hoʻonui i ka noi no ka pae EV i ka wā wānana.
Ke hoʻonui nei ka mākeke no ka EV ma kahi wikiwiki a me nā hoʻopukapuka ma ka wā mua he kiʻekiʻe loa ia no nā pahi, ʻoiai ke hoʻomoʻi nui nei nā aupuni i ka hapa nui o nā wahi i nā kūlanakauhale nui i mea e hoʻoponopono ai i ka hoʻokuʻu ʻana o ke kalapona i mea e hoʻonui ai i ka mākeke no ka papahana EV. ʻO ka paepae EV no nā pahi uila i hōʻike i ka noi kiʻekiʻe ma ka hapa nui o nā ʻoihana, ʻoiai ka uila ʻana o ka paepae lehulehu e hopena ka hopena i ka hoʻomaikaʻi ʻana i ka maikaʻi o ka ea.

O Keaukaha o EV Platform Market
Ma mua, makemake nā māka nui e hoʻomohala i hoʻokahi anuu no ʻehā mau hiʻohiʻona ʻelima e kaohi ai i ka hoʻopukapuka kālā. Eia nō naʻe, ʻoi aku ka nui o ka noi mai nā mea kūʻai kaʻa no nā hiʻohiʻona kikoʻī, kaila, a me ka hana ʻana, e like me ke ʻano o ke kū hoʻokahi i ke kaʻa i hoʻonāukiuki iā OEM e hoʻomohala i nā pae ʻokoʻa no nā hiʻohiʻona ʻokoʻa, kahi e hoʻonui ai i ka mākeke no ka pae EV i ka wā wānana.
Pau nā wahie fossil a liʻuliʻu, pau paha nā mālama wahie fossil. Wahi a ka helu ʻai o kēia manawa, he 46.7 mau makahiki o ke kumuwaiwai wahie i koe a puni ka hona, a 49.6 mau makahiki o nā kumuwaiwai kūlohelohe i koe a puni ka honua. Loaʻa nā koho ʻē aʻe i nā wahie fossil i ka mākeke, e like me ka kaʻa uila, CNG, LPG, kaʻa uila, a me LNG. Eia nō naʻe, ke lawe nui ʻia nei nā kaʻa uila, i hoʻohana mau ʻia no ka halihali ʻana i nā kūlanakauhale a me nā kaona nui. ʻO kēia, e hana paha ma ke ʻano he hopena no ka loaʻa palena o nā kumuwaiwai kūlohelohe. Hoʻolālā ʻia kēia e hoʻonui i ka mākeke no ka paepae EV.
Ua hoʻolauna kekahi mau mea hana, e like me Tesla Inc. a me Nissan, i nā hana EV e holo ana ma ka anuʻu EV hou i ʻoi aku ka mālie ma nā alanui a hāʻawi i ka holo mālie a me ka pilikia ʻole. ʻO ke kumukūʻai mālama haʻahaʻa o EV, ma muli o ka hoʻolālā hou i ka pae EV kahi waiwai i hoʻohui ʻia, kahi mea e pōmaikaʻi ai nā mea kūʻai aku i ka wā lōʻihi. ʻO kēia, ma ke ʻano, e kipaku paha i ka mākeke kahua EV.

Nā pilikia no ka makeke EV Platform
ʻO ke kumukūʻai o nā kaʻa uila ke hoʻohālikelike ʻia me ka ICE maʻamau (ʻenekini kuni kūloko) kiʻekiʻe kiʻekiʻe a manaʻo ʻia ma ke ʻano he mea hoʻomalu mua no ka kaʻa uila a me ka mākeke kahua EV.
Pono nā kaʻa uila e koi i nā kikowaena, a ʻo kahi pūnaewele o ia mau kikowaena i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e koi ʻia no nā poʻe e hele lōʻihi. Eia kekahi, ʻo ka hoʻouka hou ʻana o nā paila he 1 mau hola paha, kahi i kūlike ʻole me ka pono o ka refuel gas, kahi e kaohi hou ai i ka mākeke pae EV.

Māhele EV Māhele Māhele
Ma muli o ka ʻāpana, kuhi ʻia ka ʻāpana o ka pila ma ka helu no kahi mahele nui o ka mākeke pae EV i ka wā wānana. Nānā nā OEM i ka hana ʻana o ka pila ʻoi loa EV e manaʻo ʻia e loaʻa ka haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa ma nā kumukūʻai haʻahaʻa, e alakaʻi ana i ka hoʻonui hou ʻana i ka R&D no ka ʻāpana o ka pila a ʻo ka hopena no ka pae EV.
Ma muli o ke ʻano o ka kaʻa uila, ke hoʻonui nei ka ʻāpana uila uila i ka wikiwiki no ka mākeke pae EV. Ke nānā nei ka hapa nui o nā OEM i ka hoʻomohala ʻana o nā kaʻa uila uila ma nā paepae EV i hoʻomohala hou ʻia ma mua o nā kaʻa uila hybrid, ʻoiai ʻoi aku ka noi no nā BEV ma mua o nā HEV. Eia kekahi, koi nui ʻia ka hoʻopukapuka waiwai nui a me ka mākaukau e hoʻomohala iā HEV ke hoʻohālikelike ʻia me kahi BEV, ʻoiai ʻaʻole hoʻokomo ʻo BEV i kahi ICE ma ka paepae EV a no laila, ʻoi aku ka maʻalahi o ke kūkulu ʻana.
Ma muli o ke ʻano o ke kaʻa, ua ʻāpana nā ʻāpana o nā kaʻa pono no kahi mahele nui o ka mākeke pae honua EV. Makemake nā mea kūʻai aku ma Kina i nā sedan compact; Eia naʻe, ʻo ka hōʻea ʻana mai o nā SUV hou hou aʻe a ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi i hoʻohuli i ka noi i nā kaʻa pono. Aia ka emi o ke kūʻai aku ʻana i nā sedan. ʻAʻole waiwai lākou e like me nā hatchbacks a ʻoi aku ka ākea e like me nā SUV a me nā mea kūʻai aku ma ʻAsia a me ka US makemake i nā kaʻa ākea a maikaʻi hoʻi. ʻO ka hōʻemi i ka noi no nā hatchbacks ma waena o ʻEulopa a me Latin America ma muli o ka hoʻonui ʻana o ka nui o nā kaʻa liʻiliʻi. ʻO ka nui o ka hatchback, ka liʻiliʻi o ka hana a lilo i maneuverable lākou.

Māhele Platform EV: Nānā ʻĀpana
Ma muli o ka māhele ʻāina, ua hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ka mākeke kahua honua EV i ʻAmelika ʻĀkau, ʻEulopa, ʻAsia Hikina, APAC Hema, ʻAmelika Latina, a me Middle East a me ʻApelika.
ʻO ka piʻi mau ʻana o ke komo ʻana o EV i kahi wikiwiki nui ma nā ʻāina he nui ma East Asia a me ʻEulopa kahi mea koʻikoʻi e hoʻokele nei i ka mākeke kahua honua EV, ʻoiai ke hoʻonui nei ka hoʻopukapuka ma R&D i kēia mau ʻāina. Ke hōʻike nei ʻo ʻEulopa i ka piʻi ikaika o ka komo ʻana o EV. Ma hope iho, manaʻo ʻia e piʻi aʻe ka noi no nā EV i ka wā wanana, kahi e hoʻonui ai i ka mākeke no ka pae EV.
Kuhi ʻia ka mākeke kahua ʻo East Asia EV e hoʻonui ākea, a ukali ʻia e ʻEulopa a me ʻAmelika ʻĀkau. ʻO ka ʻoihana kaʻa i nā ʻāina, e like me Kina, Iāpana, a me Kōlea Hema e pili ana i ka ʻenehana, ka hana hou ʻana, a me ka hoʻomohala ʻana o EV kiʻekiʻe. Hoʻolālā ʻia ka hoʻomohala ʻana i nā keena ʻoi aku ka wikiwiki a me ka wikiwiki e hoʻolaha i ka mākeke pae EV a me EV. ʻO BYD, BAIC, Chery, a me SAIC nā mea pāʻani kī nui e hana nei ma ka mākeke East Asia EV, nā helu no ka mahele nui o ka mākeke pae EV.

Māhele Platform EV: Landscape hoʻokūkū
ʻO nā mea pāʻani kī nui e hana nei ma ka mākeke honua honua EV
ʻOihana Kamupene Alcraft
Mīkini Baic
BMW
ʻO BYD
Byton
Waʻa
ʻO Chery
Daimler
ʻO Faraday Future
ʻO Fisker
Ford
ʻO Geely
Nā Motors Nui
Honda
ʻO Hyundai
JAC
Kia Motors
Hawaii Nissan
Wehe i nā Motors
ʻO REE Auto
Rivian
Mīkini Saic
Toyota
ʻO Volkswagen
Volvo
Nā Motors XAOS
Zotye
Koho kekahi mau OEM e hana i kahi BEV a i ʻole PHEV ma kahi papahana ICE i hoʻopili ʻia e kāohi ai i ka hoʻopukapuka kālā a kuleana lākou no ka hana maʻalahi. Hoʻohālikelike ʻia ka hoʻolālā no nā kaʻa ICE i nā hōʻaʻano i ka hōʻaiʻē uila. ʻO kahi laʻana, manaʻo ʻo VW Group e kūkulu i nā EV o nā nui āpau e hoʻohana ana i kekahi o nā ʻāpana like i hiki ai iā ia ke hana i kāna e-models maikaʻi. Manaʻo ka ʻoihana e kūkulu i nā kaʻa MEB i ʻewalu mau wahi, puni ka honua, e 2022. Eia kekahi, wānana ia e kūʻai aku i 15 miliona mau kaʻa ma ka paepae EV i loko o nā makahiki he 10 e hiki mai ana.

He uila uila ʻo E-Rickshaw, he kaʻa huila ʻekolu i hoʻohana nui ʻia no nā mea kalepa i mea e lawe ai i nā mea kaʻa a me nā ukana. ʻIke ʻia ʻo E-rickshaw he tuk-tuk uila a me ka toto. Hoʻohana ia i kahi pakuhi, motika traction, a me ka powertrain uila i mea e hoʻokele ai i ka kaʻa.
He ʻano koʻikoʻi ʻo Rickshaws o ka halihali ohua kālepa, ʻoi aku ma nā ʻĀnia, Kina, ASEAN, a me nā ʻāina he nui ma ʻApelika. ʻO ke kumukūʻai ʻoi aku o ka lawe ʻana, ke kumu kūʻai haʻahaʻa o nā rickshaws, a me kā lākou maneuverability ma nā alanui kūpikipiki i kekahi mau pono o nā rickshaws, ka mea e hoʻokele nei i kā lākou koi ma ka hona puni honua. Eia kekahi, ʻo nā kūlana emission koʻikoʻi, ka piʻi ʻana o nā kumukūʻai wahie, nā mea hōʻeuʻeu ma luna o nā e-rickshaws, a me ka hoʻonui ʻia ʻana o nā e-rickshaws e hoʻololi nei i ka makemake o nā mea kūʻai i nā e-rickshaws. Eia kekahi, ʻo ka pāpā i manaʻo ʻia no nā kaʻa uila e hoʻokele paha i ka noi no nā e-rickshaws.
Ua kāohi nui ʻia ka mākeke e-rickshaw honua e ka ʻoihana hoʻoili kūkulu lalo i nā ʻāina he nui. Eia kekahi, ke kāohi nei hoʻi i ka nele o nā rula i ka mākeke e-rickshaw honua.
Hiki ke hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ka mākeke e-rickshaw honua e pili ana i ka ʻano rickshaw, hiki i ka paukū, helu helu mana, nā ʻāpana, ka noi, a me ka ʻāina. E pili ana i ka ʻano rickshaw, hiki ke hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ka mākeke e-rickshaw honua i ʻelua ʻāpana. Ke noʻonoʻo nei i ka mea e pono ai ke kaupaona haʻahaʻa no ke kiʻekiʻe kiʻekiʻe, ke piʻi nei ka helu o ka lawe ʻana i nā e-rickshaw open type i waena o nā mea kūʻai.
Ma muli o ka hiki o ka pākiko, hiki ke hoʻopili ʻia ka mākeke e-rickshaw honua i ʻelua ʻāpana. ʻOi aku ke kiʻekiʻe o ka paukū, ʻoi aku ka lōʻihi o ka e-rickshaw; No laila, makemake nā mea ʻona i nā kaʻa e-rickshaw kiʻekiʻe. Eia nō naʻe, no nā pakuhi hiki ke kiʻekiʻe, hoʻonui ke kaumaha i ka like. E pili ana i ka helu mana, hiki ke hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ka mākeke e-rickshaw honua i ʻekolu mau ʻāpana. Ke koi nei no nā e-rickshaws me ka mana kaʻa ma waena o 1000 a me 1500 Watt e piʻi aʻe ana, ka mea i manaʻo nui ʻia i kā lākou uku kumukūʻai a hui pū ʻia me ka lawe ʻana i ka ikehu nui.
E pili ana i nā ʻāpana, hiki ke hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ka mākeke e-rickshaw honua i ʻelima mau ʻāpana. ʻO ka pila he mea nui a koʻikoʻi hoʻi o ka e-rickshaw. Pono nā paila i ka mālama pinepine ʻana a koi i ka pani ma hope o kahi manawa kikoʻī, i mea e hōʻoia ai i ka maikaʻi a me ka maikaʻi o ka hana o ke kaʻa. ʻO Chassis kekahi mea pono ʻē aʻe o ka e-rickshaw a no laila, nā helu no kahi mahele nui o ka mākeke, e pili ana i ka loaʻa kālā. Ma muli o ka noi, hiki ke hoʻopili ʻia ka mākeke e-rickshaw honua i ka halihali ohua a me nā ukana ukana. Ua mālama ka ʻāpana hoʻokele kaʻahele i ka mahele nui o ka mākeke, e pili ana i ka loaʻa kālā, i ka makahiki 2020, i pili i ka hoʻonui ʻia o ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā rickshaws no ka huakaʻi commutation. Eia kekahi, ʻo ka hoʻohui ʻia ʻana o nā e-rickshaws e nā ʻoihana halihali e koi ʻia ana e hoʻokele i ka mahele halihali ohua o ka mākeke.
I nā ʻōlelo o ka ʻāina, hiki ke hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ka mākeke e-rickshaw ākea i ʻelima mau ʻāina kaulana. Ua helu ʻo Asia Pacific i kahi mahele nui o ka mākeke, e pili ana i ka loaʻa kālā, i ka makahiki 2020, ka mea i pili nui i ka piʻi nui ʻana o ka noi mai nā mea kūʻai mai, nā hoʻoulu aupuni a me nā kulekele kākoʻo, ka pāpā ʻana i nā rickshaw uila, a me ka hoʻonui ʻana i nā kumukūʻai wahie. Eia kekahi, ʻo ka rickshaws kahi ʻano nui o ka halihali ʻana ma nā wahi o nā kaona o nā ʻāina he nui ma ʻAsia, e like me Kina a me India. Eia kekahi, ʻo ke kū ʻana o nā mea hana e-rickshaw alakaʻi poepoe honua kekahi alakaʻi nui o ka mākeke e-rickshaw ma Asia Pākīpika.
ʻO nā mea pāʻani e hana nei i ka mākeke e-rickshaw honua ʻo Mahindra Electric Mobility Limited, MICROTEK, Nezonegroup, Arna Electric Auto Private Limited, GREEN VALLEY MOTORS, GEM E Rickshaw, SuperEco, Bajaj Auto Limited, Xianghe Qiangsheng Electric Tricycle Factory, Hitek Electric Auto Co ., YUVA E RICKSHAW, JS AUTO (P) LTD., A me Pace Agro Pvt. Ltd.
Hāʻawi ka hōʻike i kahi loiloi loiloi o ka mākeke. Hana ʻia ia ma o nā ʻike qualitative hohonu, nā ʻike mōʻaukala, a me nā wanana e hōʻoia e pili ana i ka nui o ka mākeke. Ua loaʻa nā wanana i hōʻike ʻia i loko o ka hōʻike me ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā ʻano noiʻi noiʻi a me nā manaʻo kuhi. Ma ka hana ʻana pēlā, lawelawe ka hōʻike noiʻi me kahi waihona o ka hoʻopili ʻana a me ka ʻike no kēlā me kēia ʻaoʻao o ka mākeke, e pili pū ana akā ʻaʻole i kaupalena ʻia: Nā mākeke āpana, ʻenehana, nā ʻano, a me nā noi.
ʻO ke aʻo kahi kumu o ka ʻike pono ma:
 Nā ʻāpana mākeke a me nā ʻāpana ʻāpana
 Nā mākeke mākeke a me nā ikaika
 Kākoʻo a koi
 Ka nui o ka mākeke
 Nā kū i kēia manawa / manawa kūpono / pilikia
 Kūʻai hoʻokūkū
 Nā holomua ʻenehana
 Ke kaulahao kaulike a me ka hoʻopili ʻana o nā mea kuleana
Uhi ʻia ka ʻikepili āpana:
 ʻAmelika Hema (US a me Kanada)
 Latin America (Mexico, Brazil, Peru, Chile, a me nā mea ʻē aʻe)
 Western Europe (Kelemania, UK, Palani, Sepania, ʻItalia, nā ʻāina Nordic, Pelekiuma, Netherlands, a me Lukemapuka)
 ʻEulopa hikina (Polani a me Lūkia)
 ʻAsia Pakipika (Kina, ʻInia, Iāpana, ASEAN, Australia, a me Nūhōlani)
 Hikina Waena a me ʻApelika (GCC, ʻApelika Hema, a me ʻApelika ʻĀkau)
Ua hōʻuluʻulu ʻia ka hōʻike ma o ka noiʻi nui mua (ma o nā nīnauele, ana, a me nā ʻike o nā loiloi kahiko) a me ka noiʻi lua. Hōʻike pū ka hōʻike i kahi loiloi piha piha a me ka helu ma o ke kālailai ʻana i ka ʻikepili i hōʻiliʻili ʻia mai nā loiloi o nā ʻoihana a me nā mea komo i ka mākeke ma nā kiko nui i ka pae waiwai o ka ʻoihana.
Hoʻokaʻawale ʻokoʻa o nā kūleʻa e kū nei i ka mākeke mākua, nā ʻōuli macro-a me micro-economic, a me nā rula a me nā kauoha i hoʻokomo ʻia ma lalo o ka ʻikepili o ka noiʻi. Ma ka hana ʻana pēlā, hoʻolālā ka hōʻike i ka nani o kēlā me kēia ʻāpana nui i ka wā wanana.
Nā mea nui o ka hōʻike:
 He kālailai kāʻei kua piha, kahi e hoʻopili ai i ka loiloi o ka mākeke mākua
 Nā loli nui i ka ikaika o ka mākeke
 Māhele Māhele a hiki i ka pae ʻelua a ʻekolu paha
Historical, ʻānō, a me ka nui i manaʻo ʻia o ka mākeke mai ke ʻano o ka waiwai a me ka nui
 Ka hōʻike a me ka loiloi ʻana i nā hanana ʻoihana hou
 Māhele mākeke a me nā hoʻolālā o nā mea pāʻani nui
 Hoʻohui i nā ʻāpana niche a me nā mākeke ʻāina
 He hōʻike kumuhana o ka trajectory o ka mākeke
 Nā ʻōlelo paipai i nā ʻoihana no ka hoʻoikaika ʻana i ko lākou kūwae i ka mākeke   
Nānā: ʻOiai mālama ʻia e mālama i nā kiʻekiʻe kiʻekiʻe loa o kā TMR mau hōʻike, hiki i nā loli hou a ka makeke / mea kūʻai aku ke lawe i ka manawa e noʻonoʻo ai i ka loiloi.
ʻO kēia aʻo ʻana e TMR kahi papa hana āpau o ka ikaika o ka mākeke. Hoʻohui nui ʻia ia i ka loiloi koʻikoʻi o nā huakaʻi a nā mea kūʻai aku, nā ala e kū nei a me nā ala e kū mai ana, a me ka hoʻolālā hoʻolālā e hiki ai i nā CXO ke hoʻoholo pono.
ʻO kā mākou kī kī ʻo ka 4-Quadrant Framework EIRS e hāʻawi nei i ka ʻike kikoʻī o nā mea ʻehā:
 Palapala'āina ʻike ka mea kūʻai aku
 Nā ʻike a me nā pono hana e pili ana i ka noiʻi ʻike ʻia e ka ʻikepili
 Nā hopena kūpono e kū i nā mea ʻoihana a pau
 Nā Kaupapa Strategic e hoʻonui i ka huakaʻi ulu
Hoʻoikaika ka noiʻi e loiloi i nā mea e ulu nei i kēia wā a me ka wā e hiki mai ana, nā ala i wehe ʻole ʻia, nā mea e hoʻoliʻiliʻi ana i kā lākou loaʻa kālā, a me nā koi a me nā kumu kūʻai ma ka mākeke honua ma o ka haki ʻana i ka loiloi ʻāina.
Uhi puni ʻia nā ʻāpana āpana e pili ana.
 ʻAmelika Hema
 ʻAsia Pakipika
ʻEulopa
ʻO America Latin
 ʻO ka Hikina Waena a me ʻApelika
ʻO ka papahana quadrant EIRS i loko o ka hōʻike e hōʻuluʻulu i kā mākou ākea ākea o ka noiʻi a me ka ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo a ka CXO e kōkua ai iā lākou e hoʻoholo maikaʻi no kā lākou ʻoihana a noho ma ke ʻano he alakaʻi.
Aia ma lalo kahi kiʻi o kēia quadrants.
1. Palapala ʻāina ʻike mea kūʻai aku
Hāʻawi ke aʻo i kahi loiloi hohonu o nā huakaʻi a nā mea kūʻai aku e pili ana i ka mākeke a me kāna ʻāpana. Hāʻawi ia i nā manaʻo o nā mea kūʻai aku e pili ana i nā huahana a me ka hoʻohana lawelawe. Ke nānā pono nei ke kālailai i kā lākou mau helu ʻeha a me nā makaʻu ma nā wahi like ʻole o nā mea kūʻai aku. ʻO ke kūkā kamaʻilio ʻana a me nā ʻikepili ʻike ʻoihana e kōkua i nā mea kuleana hoihoi, e like me CXO, e wehewehe i nā palapala ʻike o ka mea kūʻai aku i kūpono ʻia i kā lākou mau pono. E kōkua kēia iā lākou e kau i ka hoʻonui ʻana i ka hoʻopili ʻana o nā mea kūʻai aku me kā lākou mau mana.
2. Nā ʻike a me nā pono hana
Hoʻokumu ʻia nā ʻike like ʻole i ke aʻo ʻana ma nā pōʻaiapili elaborate o ka noiʻi mua a me ke kula kiʻekiʻe a nā kānaka kālailai e hana ai i ka wā o ka noiʻi. Hāʻawi nā loiloi a me nā loea loea ma TMR i ka ʻoihana āpau, nā pono hana ʻike mea kūʻai aku a me nā kiʻina hana wānana e hōʻea i nā hopena, i mea e hilinaʻi ai. ʻAʻole hāʻawi ka noiʻi i nā loiloi a me nā wanana, akā me ka loiloi ʻole ʻole o kēia mau helu ma ka mākeke. Hoʻohui kēia mau ʻike i ka papa noiʻi noiʻi e hoʻohuli ʻia e ka ʻikepili me nā kūkākūkā kūpono no nā ʻoihana ʻona, CXO, nā mea hana kulekele, a me nā mea hoʻopukapuka. E kōkua pū nā ʻike i kā lākou mea kūʻai aku e lanakila i ka makaʻu.
3. Nā hopena hopena
ʻO nā ʻike i hōʻike ʻia i loko o kēia noi e TMR he alakaʻi nui ia no ka hālāwai ʻana me nā mea nui o ka ʻoihana, e like me nā mea koʻikoʻi a nā mikionali. ʻO nā hopena ke hoʻokō ʻia ua hōʻike ʻia nā pōmaikaʻi kūpono i nā mea kuleana ʻoihana a me nā ʻoihana ʻoihana e hoʻonui i kā lākou hana. Hoʻonohonoho ʻia nā hopena e kūpono i ka hoʻolālā Strategic pākahi. Hōʻike ka noiʻi i kekahi o nā noi hihia hou e pili ana i ka hoʻoponopono ʻana i nā pilikia like ʻole e nā ʻoihana a lākou i kū ai i kā lākou huakaʻi hoʻohui.
4. Nā Kālā Strategic
Hoʻomaʻamaʻa ka noiʻi i nā ʻoihana a me nā mea makemake i ka mākeke e hoʻolālā i nā hoʻolālā strate ākea. Ua lilo kēia i mea nui aʻe ma mua o ka wā, no ka maopopo ʻole o kēia manawa ma muli o COVID-19. Kūkākūkā ka noiʻi ma nā kūkākūkā ʻana e lanakila ai i nā mea like ʻole i hala i hala a ʻike i nā mea hou e hoʻonui i ka mākaukau. Kōkua nā papahana i nā ʻoihana e hoʻolālā i kā lākou hoʻonohonoho kaulike no ka hoʻōla hou ʻana mai nā ʻano kūpikipiki. Eia hou, kōkua nā mea loiloi ma TMR iā ʻoe e wāwahi i ka hanana paʻakikī a lawe i ka resiliency i nā manawa maopopo ʻole.
Mālamalama ka hōʻike i nā ʻano mea like ʻole a pane i nā nīnau pili i ka mākeke. ʻO kekahi o nā mea nui:
1. He aha nā koho koho maikaʻi loa no ka hana ʻana i nā laina huahana a me nā lawelawe hou?
2. He aha nā manaʻo waiwai e pono ai nā ʻoihana i ka wā e hana nei i kahi noiʻi hou a me ke kālā hoʻomohala?
3. ʻO nā lula hea e kōkua nui i nā mea kuleana e hoʻonui i kā lākou pūnaewele hoʻolako pūnaewele?
4. ʻO nā ʻāpana hea e ʻike ai i ke koi ʻana i loko o kekahi mau ʻāpana i ka wā e hiki mai ana?
5. He aha kekahi o nā hoʻolālā optimization ʻoi loa me nā mea kūʻai aku i loaʻa kūleʻa ai kekahi mau mea pāʻani i hoʻopaʻa pono ʻia?
6. ʻO wai nā kuanaʻike nui a ka C-suite e hoʻohana nei e hoʻoneʻe i nā ʻoihana i kahi ala ulu ulu hou?
7. ʻO nā lula aupuni hea e hoʻopiʻi aku i ke kūlana o nā mākeke āpana nui?
8. Pehea e hopena ai ka hanana politika a me ka hoʻokele waiwai e kū nei i nā manawa kūpono i nā wahi ulu nui?
9. He aha kekahi o nā manawa kūpono e hopu ai i ka waiwai i nā ʻāpana like ʻole?
10. He aha ka pale o ke komo ʻana no nā mea pāʻani hou i ka mākeke?
Me kahi ʻike ikaika i ka hoʻokumu ʻana i nā hōʻike mākeke kūikawā, ua kū mai kahi Transparency Market Research ma ke ʻano he hui noiʻi noiʻi kūleʻa hilinaʻi ʻia i waena o nā mea nui a me nā CXO. ʻO kēlā me kēia hōʻike ma Transparency Market Research e hele i loko o kahi hana noiʻi koʻikoʻi i kēlā me kēia ʻano. Mālama nui nā mea noiʻi ma TMR ma ka mākeke a huki i nā helu hoʻonui hoʻonui maikaʻi. Kōkua kēia mau kiko i nā mea kuleana e hoʻolālā i kā lākou hoʻolālā papahana e like me ia.
Hana nā mea noiʻi ʻo TMR i ka noiʻi qualitative piha a me ka nui. Pili kēia noiʻi i ka lawe ʻana i nā mea hoʻokomo mai ka poʻe loea i ka mākeke, ka nānā ʻana i ka nānā ʻana i nā hanana hou, a me nā mea ʻē aʻe. Hoʻomaopopo kēia ʻano hana noiʻi i TMR mai nā ʻoihana noiʻi mākeke ʻē aʻe.
Eia pehea ka Transparency Market Research e kōkua ai i nā mea kuleana a me CXO ma o nā hōʻike:
Ka helu a me ka loiloi o nā laulima Strategic: Nānā nā kānaka noiʻi ʻo TMR i nā hana hoʻolālā hou e like me ka merger, nā loaʻa, nā pilina, nā hana like, a me nā hui like. Hoʻopili ʻia nā ʻike āpau a hoʻokomo ʻia i loko o ka hōʻike.
Kuhi manaʻo nui loa: ʻIke ʻia ka hōʻike i ka heluna kanaka, ka hiki ulu, a me ka hiki o ka mākeke ma o ka wā wānana. Ke alakaʻi nei kēia mea i ka koho o ka nui o ka mākeke a hāʻawi pū i kahi outline e pili ana pehea e loaʻa ai i ka mākeke ka ulu i ka wā o ka helu.
ʻImi ʻIke Hoʻokele: Ke nānā nei ka hōʻike i nā manawa kūpono a me nā manawa e hiki mai ana hoʻopukapuka ma waena o kahi mākeke. Hoʻomaopopo kēia mau mea hoʻomohala i nā mea kuleana i ke ʻano hoʻopukapuka o kēia wā ma waena o ka mākeke.
Nānā: ʻOiai mālama ʻia e mālama i nā kiʻekiʻe kiʻekiʻe loa o kā TMR mau hōʻike, hiki i nā loli hou a ka makeke / mea kūʻai aku ke lawe i ka manawa e noʻonoʻo ai i ka loiloi.


Ka manawa o ka manawa: Mar-12-2021